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Development of a performance standard for physiotherapists delivering exercise and mobilisation to the critically ill: A modified Delphi consensus study

  • Jenna K. Lang
    Affiliations
    Australia and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Victoria, 3004, Australia

    Physiotherapy Department, Western Health, 176 Furlong Rd, Sunshine, Victoria, 3021, Australia
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  • Kimberley J. Haines
    Affiliations
    Physiotherapy Department, Western Health, 176 Furlong Rd, Sunshine, Victoria, 3021, Australia

    Department of Critical Care, School of Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
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  • Carol L. Hodgson
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Australia and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Victoria, 3004, Australia.
    Affiliations
    Australia and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Victoria, 3004, Australia

    Physiotherapy Department, Alfred Health, 55 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, Victoria, 3004, Australia
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Published:September 09, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2022.07.003

      Abstract

      Background

      The provision of early mobilisation to critically ill patients has the potential to improve long term outcomes, but, is complex to deliver. There is minimal literature detailing the training and expertise required to deliver these interventions safely and effectively.

      Objective

      The objective of this study was to determine the key elements of a performance standard for assessment of physiotherapists delivering exercise and mobilisation interventions to the critically ill.

      Method

      This is a modified eDelphi expert consensus study. Fifty-one physiotherapists from Australia and New Zealand with relevant clinical, educational, or research experience were included on the expert panel. Background information and the initial pool of items were developed from review of relevant literature. Five survey rounds were administered across two study phases to determine the elements, performance criteria, and assessment scale of the performance standard. Items were modified, amalgamated, and added based upon panel comments.

      Results

      Consensus was achieved for 69 mandatory, and two supplementary performance criteria which were arranged under 15 elements encompassing knowledge, assessment, analysis, intervention, and professional behaviours. A 3-point rating scale was selected to assess item achievement and global performance.

      Conclusion

      Binational expert consensus was reached to define the assessment criteria for physiotherapists delivering exercise and mobilisation interventions to the critically ill. This standard can be utilised in clinical, educational, and research practice environments to guide training, assessment, and skill recognition in critical care physiotherapy.

      Keywords

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