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The relationship between person-centred care and the intensive care unit experience of critically ill patients: A multicentre cross-sectional survey

Published:November 27, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2021.10.010

      Abstract

      Background

      Person-centred care has the potential to improve the patient experience in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the relationship between person-centred care perceived by critically ill patients and their ICU experience has yet to be determined.

      Objectives

      The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between person-centred care and the ICU experience of critically ill patients.

      Methods

      This study was a multicentre, cross-sectional survey involving 19 ICUs of four university hospitals in Busan, Korea. The survey was conducted from June 2019 to July 2020, and 787 patients who had been admitted to the ICU for more than 24 hours participated. We measured person-centred care using the Person-Centered Critical Care Nursing perceived by Patient Questionnaire. Participants' ICU experience was measured by the Korean version of the Intensive Care Experience Questionnaire that consists of four subscales. We analysed the relationship between person-centred care and each area of the ICU experience using multivariate linear regression.

      Results

      Person-centred care was associated with ‘awareness of surroundings’ (β = 0.29, p < .001), ‘frightening experiences’ (β = −0.31, p < .001), and ‘satisfaction with care’ (β = 0.54, p < .001). However, there was no significant association between person-centred care and ‘recall of experience’.

      Conclusions

      We observed that person-centred care was positively related to most of the ICU experiences of critically ill patients except for recall of experience. Further studies on developing person-centred nursing interventions are needed.

      Keywords

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