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Prone positioning in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, translating research and implementing practice change from bench to bedside in the era of coronavirus disease 2019

Published:January 22, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2020.08.002

      Abstract

      Background

      Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a relatively common condition of varied aetiology associated with high morbidity and mortality. A range of therapies have been proven to be useful for patients with ARDS, including ventilatory and nonventilatory strategies. Prone positioning is one of the nonventilatory strategies and has been proven to be safe and is associated with significant mortality benefit in patients with moderate to severe ARDS. It is now included in several international guidelines as the standard of care for these cases.

      Objectives

      The aim of the study was to develop, implement, and evaluate a prone positioning program in two nonmetropolitan, nontertiary intensive care units in South East Queensland.

      Methods

      A Plan–Do–Study–Act quality improvement model was used to implement changes in clinical practice in relation to prone positioning of patients.

      Results

      A description of the methods used to promote a complex change strategy is provided in this article.

      Conclusions

      In this article, we demonstrate the feasibility of introducing a nonventilatory intervention of prone positioning in the management of patients with moderate to severe ARDS in regional intensive care in South East Queensland. This implementation strategy could be replicated and adopted in other similar intensive care units that do not have the ability to provide tertiary services such as extracorporeal life support.

      Keywords

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